# A manufacturing company produces 100,000 units of product A at a total cost of \$2.8 million. Total fixed costs are \$1.2 million.

\$22.99
 1. A manufacturing company produces 100,000 units of product A at a total cost of \$2.8 million.  Total fixed costs are \$1.2 million.  If the company increases production by 18% and uses a 23% markup the price per unit will be: A) \$31.54 B) \$32.19 C) \$35.47 D) \$37.10

Use the following to answer questions 2-3:

RNO Company's market for the Model 55 has changed significantly, and RNO has had to drop the price per unit from \$225 to \$165.  There are some units in the work in process inventory that have costs of \$200 per unit associated with them.  RNO could sell these units in their current state for \$150 each.  It will cost RNO \$50 per unit to complete these units so that they can be sold for \$165 each.

 2. A new employee looks at the analysis and exclaims, “We'll lose money with either of these alternatives! Let's just throw these units in the trash!” Suppose the alternative to trashing is choosing the more profitable of the two alternatives (that the new employee looked at and did not like). What effect will the trashing option (that the new employee wants) have on net income? A) Net income will increase by \$35 per unit for each unit discarded. B) Net income will decrease by \$265 per unit for each unit discarded. C) Net income will decrease by \$150 per unit for each unit discarded. D) It will have no effect on net income.

 3. When the incremental revenues and expenses are analyzed, the company is better off by A) \$10 per unit if they sell the units in their current state. B) \$25 per unit if they sell the units in their current state. C) \$115 per unit if they complete the units. D) \$15 per unit if they complete the units.

 4. A company using activity based pricing marks up the direct cost of goods by 43% plus charges customers for indirect costs based on the activities utilized by the customer.  Indirect costs are charged as follows:  \$8.00 per order placed; \$4.00 per separate item ordered; \$30.00 per return.  A customer places 10 orders with a total direct cost of \$3,000, orders 300 separate items, and makes 6 returns.  What will the customer be charged? A) \$5,750 B) \$3,000 C) \$5,330 D) \$4,290

 5. Manufacturing overhead is allocated to products based on the number of machine hours required.  In a year when 20,000 machine hours were anticipated, costs were budgeted at \$125,000.  If a product requires 7,000 machine hours, how much manufacturing overhead will be allocated to this product? A) \$41,667 B) \$42,850 C) \$51,120 D) \$43,750

Use the following to answer questions 6-7:

The Sunrise Hotel has 200 rooms. Each room rents at \$110 per night and variable costs total \$16 per room per night of occupancy. Fixed costs total \$84,000 per month.

 6. If the hotel spends an additional \$10,000 in the month of February on advertising they feel that they can expect occupancy rate to increase by 5%. What would be the financial impact of spending this additional money on advertising for the month of February (28 days)? A) Total fixed costs will increase by \$10,500. B) Net income will increase by \$26,320. C) Net income will increase by \$16,320. D) Total fixed costs will remain the same.

 7. If 80% of the rooms are occupied each night in the month of February (28 days) what will total costs be for the month? A) \$155,680. B) \$173,600. C) \$171,530. D) \$150,778.

8.

Jones Company manufactures widgets.  Old Ham Company has approached Jones with a proposal to sell the company one of the components used to make widgets at a price of \$100,000 for 50,000 units.  Jones is currently making these components in its own factory.  The following costs are associated with this part of the process when 50,000 units are produced:

 Direct material \$44,000 Direct labor 20,000 Manufacturing overhead 60,000 Total \$124,000

The manufacturing overhead consists of \$32,000 of costs that will be eliminated if the components are no longer produced by Jones.  The remaining manufacturing overhead will continue whether or not Jones makes the components.

What is the amount of avoidable costs if Jones buys rather than makes the components?

A)

\$60,000

B)

\$78,000

C)

\$96,000

D)

\$100,000

9. Below is a performance report that compares budgeted and actual profit of Boyles Beer

for the month of April:

 Budget Actual Difference Sales \$200,000 \$202,000 \$2,000 Less: Cost of ingredients \$162,000 \$166,000 \$4,000 Salaries \$31,000 \$31,200 \$200 Controllable Profit \$47,000 \$44,800 -\$2,200

In evaluating the department in terms of its increase in sales and expenses, what will be

most important to investigate?

A) Sales

B) Cost of ingredients

C) Salaries

D) All three components have equal importance.

 10. A company has a total cost of \$50.00 per unit at a volume of 100,000 units.  The variable cost per unit is \$20.00.  What would the price be if the company expected a volume of 120,000 units and used a markup of 50%? A) \$67.50 B) \$62.50 C) \$75.00 D) There is not enough information in the problem to answer.

11.  If a company is currently operating at its breakeven point, which of the following

statements is true? (Income tax considerations are ignored.)

 A) If fixed costs increase, net income will decrease by the contribution margin ratio times the amount of the increase in fixed costs. B) If sales increase by 20%, net income will also increase by 20%, assuming fixed costs are not equal to zero. C) If variable costs double, net income will decrease by 50%. D) Net income will decrease by the decrease in number of units sold times the contribution margin per unit.

12.  One Small Grill Company is a start up with the following profile:

Unit selling price = \$230; Variable cost per unit = \$130; Fixed Costs = \$36,000;

Tax rate = 40%.  How many units should Small Grill sell to achieve an after-tax target

income of \$6,000?

 A) 200 B) 230 C) 460 D) 540

13.

Western Apparel Company owns two stores and management is considering eliminating the East store due to declining sales.  Segmented contribution income statements are as follows and common fixed costs are allocated on the basis of sales.

 West East Total Sales \$480,000 100,000 \$580,000 Variable costs 262,500 55,000 315,500 Direct fixed costs 62,500 25,000 87,500 Segment margin 155,000 20,000 175,000 Allocated fixed costs 137,500 35,000 172,500 Net Income \$17,500 (\$15,000) \$  2,500

Western feels that if they eliminate the East store that sales in the West store will decline by 25%.  If they close the East store, overall company net income will:

A)

decline by \$90,000.

B)

decline by \$85,625.

C)

decline by \$74,375.

D)

decline by \$63,500.

 14. Maestro, a best-selling toy has a selling price of \$15.  If the contribution margin ratio is 40% and if the fixed costs are \$60,000, how many Maestros must the company sell to realize a profit of \$450,000? A) 30,000 B) 34,000 C) 85,000 D) 100,000

 15. Given a resource constraint, management should shift the focus of cost-volume-profit analysis to: A) Increasing labor productivity and reducing output. B) The product with the lowest variable cost per sales dollar. C) The contribution margin per unit of the constraint. D) Decreasing the firm’s breakeven point by increasing the selling price.

 16. Which of the following changes will result in a change in the break-even point? A) The number of units sold goes up. B) The company buys a new depreciable machine. C) The sales price per unit goes up. D) The tax rate on profits changes.

 17. Assume that Reggie’s Bikes has fixed costs of \$101,250.  Each unit generates variable costs of \$80 and sells for \$125.  What is the break-even point for Reggie’s Bikes? A) 1,536 units B) 6,221 units C) 2,250 units D) 8,025 units

 18. For which of the following decisions are sunk costs relevant? A) The decision to sell or not sell a new product after paying for its market surveys. B) The decision to sell a product after the split-off point or after further processing. C) The decision to accept or reject a special order. D) None of the above.

 19. Della’s Furniture has a contribution margin ratio of 15%.  If fixed costs are \$175,500, how many dollars of revenue must the company generate in order to reach the break-even point? A) \$1,111,333 B) \$1,211,333 C) \$1,170,000 D) \$2,111,450

 20. The Copy Department of the Formaz Company is budgeted to incur \$40,000 per month in fixed costs and \$0.02 per copy in variable costs.  It allocates copy costs to user departments as follows: Fixed costs are allocated (as a lump sum) based on budgeted fixed costs and estimated peak demand for each department. Variable costs are allocated based on the budgeted rate per copy times the department's actual usage.  Which of the following is not an advantage of this allocation scheme over allocating actual costs based on actual usage? A) The amount charged to one using department is not affected by the number of copies used by another department. B) Managers in the using departments pay for the fixed costs that are created by their demands for capacity. C) Using departments are not charged for cost overruns in the copy department. D) All of the above are advantages of this allocation system.

 21. Ken’s Pizza produced and sold 2,000 pizzas last month and had fixed costs of \$6,000.  If production and sales are expected to increase by 10% next month, which of the following statements is true? A) Total fixed costs will decrease. B) Fixed cost per unit will decrease. C) Total fixed costs will increase. D) Fixed cost per unit will increase.

 22. The Dynamaco Company uses cost-plus pricing with a 50% mark-up.  The company is currently selling 100,000 units at \$12 per unit.  Each unit has a variable cost of \$6.  In addition, the company incurs \$200,000 in fixed costs annually.  If demand falls to 80,000 units and the company wants to continue to earn a 50% return, what price should the company charge? A) \$12.75 B) \$14.55 C) \$13.50 D) \$10.95

Use the following to answer question 23:

Taylor's Treasures has collected the following information over the last six months.

 Month Units produced Total costs March 10,000 \$25,600 April 12,000 26,200 May 18,000 27,600 June 13,000 26,450 July 12,000 26,000 August 15,000 26,500

 23. Using the high-low method, what is the variable cost per unit? A) \$2.25 B) \$2.56 C) \$0.22 D) \$0.25

 24. A manufacturing company produces and sells 40,000 units of a single product.  Variable costs total \$80,000 and fixed costs total \$120,000.  If unit is sold for \$8, what markup percentage is the company using? A) 60% B) 160% C) 75% D) 133%

 25. During 2014, Teko, Inc. reported revenues of \$789,532 and profits of \$96,450.  Fixed costs were \$405,094, and 45,000 units were sold.  If costs and prices were expected to stay the same, in 2015, and Teko, Inc. expects to sell 50,000 units, what will be the company’s budgeted profit? A) \$95,457 B) \$124,388 C) \$168,414 D) \$152,177