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A woman is a hypochondriac. She is always reading medical journals and is constantly experiencing imagined symptoms of medical problems.

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  1. A woman is a hypochondriac. She is always reading medical journals and is constantly experiencing imagined symptoms of medical problems. Lately, she has been gaining a lot of weight, and feels that her internal physiological processes are out of balance. She is most likely to conclude that she has suffered brain damage to her
  2. You are typing a letter to your friend. Suddenly, an image of a car wreck pops up on your screen and you are startled by it. In this situation, the act of typing the letter is regulated by your ________, while your response of fear is regulated by your ________.
  3. While discussing the functions of the brain stem, the lecturer notices that many of his students appear to have fallen asleep. This reminds him of the ________, which arouses the cerebral cortex to attend to new stimulation and keeps the brain alert even during sleep.
  4. DNA is organized into units called genes.
  5. A new dog owner is trying to use classical conditioning to train her dog to blink whenever she says "Blink." She blows into his eyes, then says "Blink," but the dog is not learning to blink at her command. To improve her training techniqueshe should
  6. You feel fine when you sit down in the classroom, but as soon as the teacher announces a surprise quiz you immediately feel your pulse quicken and your stomach churn. Your reaction to the teacher's announcement is most likely a(n)
  7. A young man does not like the feeling of being drunk, so when he drinks alcohol he always tries to drink in moderation. Based on the research findings of Shepard Siegel, he should also
  8. All of the following behaviors are instances of operants EXCEPT for which one?
  9. In classical conditioningthe
  10. Gerald Patterson's coercion model suggests that children's antisocial behavior may result from parents who
  11. A woman is keeping her New Year's resolution. Every morning she makes a list of what she is going to do that day. Then, she performs the tasks in order of their appeal to her, doing the least appealing thing first and the most appealing thing last. The woman isapplying
  12. Acquisition is the process during which the CR is first elicited and gradually increases in frequency over trials. In general, for a conditioned response to be acquired, the ________ must be paired several times.
  13. All of the following are accurate statements concerning the career of Ivan Pavlov EXCEPT for which one?
  14. Imagine that you are a salesperson whose salary will be determined solely by the number of items that you sell each week. Since some weeks are better for sales than others, your pay will most likely follow a fixed-ratio schedule.
  15. A classmate wants to travel widely, but his grasp of foreign languages is minimal. He asks you whether people from other cultures will be able to recognize when he is happy, sad, or angry, just from his facial expressions. You should tell him that
  16. Stress produces a wide range of physiological changes, including dilation of blood vessels, reduction in adrenalin secretion, and contraction of the pupil of the eye.
  17. Researchers try to identify which types of social supports provide the most benefit for individuals experiencing specific events. They have found that both informational and emotional supports are effective for different people in different situations. Generally, what appears to matter in terms of support is
  18. Most people have both positive and negative experiences in their lives. When researchers have looked at the relationship between happy events (uplifts) and irritating events (hassles), they have found that the inflammatory factors indicative of cardiovascular disease
  19. Research suggests that negative moods
  20. Based on the research of Christina Maslach, it would seem that health-care workers may be prime candidates for job burnout. Individuals in this profession are LEAST likely to reduce the effects of this problem if their jobs are changed so that they
  21. As you read this question, the ________ is relaying information from the eyes to cortical areas for vision.
  22. The cerebrum is divided into two almost symmetrical halves, called the ________, which are connected by a mass of fibers called the ________.
  23. You are typing a letter to your friend. Suddenly, an image of a car wreck pops up on your screen and you are startled by it. In this situation, the act of typing the letter is regulated by your ________, while your response of fear is regulated by your ________.
  24. To help him explain the variety of species he observed during exploration of the Galápagos Islands, Charles Darwin suggested the process of
  25. Stimulus generalization gradients demonstrate that
  26. A man and woman are farm workers. The man is paid every week for his work, while the woman is paid for every two bushels of fruit she picks. The man is under a ________ schedule of reinforcement and the woman is under a ________ schedule of reinforcement.
  27. Positive reinforcers increase the probability of a behavior whereas negative reinforcers decrease the probability of a behavior.
  28. In a study of TV viewing that is described in the textbook, researchers measured the extent to which children watched programs with violent content and then interviewed those same children fifteen years later. Analysis of the data suggested that
  29. In simultaneous conditioning,
  30. A nursing student learns by watching the behavior of an experienced nurse. This is an example of observational learning.
  31. To condition fear in Little Albert, Watson and Rayner used a ________ as a UCS and found that fear developed in just ________ trial(s).
  32. The first time a child is inoculated for measles, he responds by crying. The next time he visits the doctor for his booster shot, he cries as soon as he sees the nurse who gave him the first shot. In the context of classical conditioning, the pain associated with being injected represents the ________ and the nurse represents the ________.
  33. A student finds examinations to be very stressful. If he decides to try to cope by using a problem-directed coping strategy, he might
  34. In the 1920s, Walter Cannon outlined the first scientific description of the way animals and humans respond to danger. He called thisdual stress response the
  35. Hans Selye discovered that when the body is chronically stressed, the increased production of "stress hormones" can lead to
  36. A woman's life is in constant turmoil. She has been having problems with her marriage, her children have recurring illnesses, and the company that she works for may be going out of business. The woman is experiencing
  37. Each fifth grader is supposed to play the role of a part of the body for the school play. One of the children says that she is responsible for respiration, digestion, and arousal. You can surmise that she must be playing the role of the
  38. The ________ shows where different types of activity are occurring in the brain and involves the use of a safe radioactive substance that is given to participants.
  39. Imagine that the size of structures within people's brains grow as skills are developed. If this were true, you can predict that the size of the ________ in a ballerina or gymnast would be larger than normal because of their ability to coordinate bodily movements, control posture, and maintain equilibrium.
  40. Which technique uses special radio receivers to detect information from resonating atoms in order to assess brain activity?
  41. Pavlov believed that classical conditioning resulted from the
  42. John Watson's view was that psychologists should study
  43. A friend has taught her dog to bark whenever she says "Speak." Now, she wants to teach him a new trick by saying "Sit." But he barks whenever she says "Sit." The dog's behavior is an example of
  44. Behaviors influenced by instinctual drift will override the changes in behavior brought about by operant conditioning
  45. Reflex responses, which are central to classical conditioning, are
  46. A boy is sent to his room and is not allowed to watch television with the rest of the family until he can do so without yelling and jumping in the living room. When he returns to the living room, he sits down quietly. The boy's change in behavior is an illustration of
  47. A boy is teaching his younger sister how to make her bed. At first, he tells her she did a good job if she gets the bedspread pulled up, even if the sheets are still rumpled. Each following day, he encourages her to be a little neater before telling her she did a good job. The boy may not know it, but he is using
  48. After Watson and Rayner established conditioned fear in Little Albert, they found that
  49. In a study quoted in your text, researchers found that the effects of classical conditioning could be used to explain ________ in people undergoing chemotherapy treatment for various forms of cancer.
  50. Thorndike's law of effect emphasizes the relationship between
  51. The Type B behavior pattern is characterized by excessive emphasis on competition, aggression, impatience, and hostility.
  52. In a study described in the textbook, the researchers attributed Japanese participants' views on what are considered proper behavioral displays of pain to traditional

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