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Aaron is choosing his classes for the upcoming college semester and making sure they align with his future career plans. Which BEST

  • PHI 210 Critical Thinking EXAM 1 with Answers

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  1. Aaron is choosing his classes for the upcoming college semester and making sure they align with his future career plans. Which BEST describes the habit of critical thinking he is practicing?
  2. A person who is humble and understands what they know, and is aware of what they do not know is considered ____________.
  3. Noelle is considering buying a new car; what form of critical thinking should she use while at the dealership? Choose the BEST answer.
  4. You can strengthen the quality of your opinion on an issue by ______ people who think differently than you.
  5. A rule of thumb for using to critical thinking to find solutions and make decisions is to seek which of the following?
  6. Ever since she was in high school, Tamille has been deeply committed to her belief that animal testing in all forms is wrong. One day she gets into a debate about this topic with her classmate Carissa, a strong proponent of animal testing, and she finds herself getting angry and emotional during the conversation. Which is the MOST likely explanation for Tamille's reaction?
  7. Hindsight bias can be a form of _________.
  8. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie states that the consequence of the single story is that _________.
  9. Anchoring bias is characterized by _________.
  10. Which of the following BEST summarizes the relationship between pride and bias?
  11. Which of the following qualifies as an argument?
  12. Tavia is making an argument that a particular cable service provider has the most satisfied customers in her community. The support for her inductive argument would be strongest if she used which of the following methods to gather facts?
  13. Arguments make the process of thinking visible. Which of the following statements makes the process of thinking MOST visible?
  14. If I purchase a fuel-efficient car, then I will use less gas. If I use less gas, then I save more money. Which of the following conclusions is BEST supported by these premises?
  15. What type of argument does the following statement make? My dog lives in a house with children and has never bitten them. My dog is friendly toward children that he encounters. Therefore, it is unlikely that my dog would ever bite a child.
  16. Which of the following represents a "post hoc propter ergo hoc" fallacy?
  17. Which of the following represents a "slippery slope" fallacy?
  18. The straw man fallacy is characterized by __________.
  19. Jose really likes bacon and wants to wrap bacon around all of the appetizers to be served at a dinner party. Sarah disagrees and suggests guests might want a "bacon-free" option. Jose claims that no one should listen to Sarah because she is a crazy vegetarian. This is a(n) _________ fallacy.
  20. _________ is characterized by claiming that because something cannot be proven false, it must be true unless the opponent can disprove the conclusion.
  21. According to the text, which of the following is an essential question that should be asked while evaluating a source?
  22. Payton and her mother saw one of Payton's classmates arrive at the mall in a limousine. Payton told her mother that the classmate usually drives a fancy sports car to school, wears expensive clothes, and goes on exotic trips during vacation. Payton told her mom that her classmate's family must be rich. Which of the following should influence the mom's thoughts about Payton's claim?
  23. Each of the following claims was written in an article: 1. Particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter are easily inhaled deep into the lungs where they can accumulate, react, be cleared or absorbed. 2. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), children and infants are among the most susceptible to many air pollutants. 3. Children have increased exposure to air pollution because of higher minute ventilation and higher levels of physical activity. 4. The average adult breathes 3,000 gallons of air per day. If you had no knowledge of the subject which claim should be the MOST credible?
  24. Which of the following is a fundamental question to ask when evaluating claims?
  25. A medical expert is famous for his research in the field of hypertension. An international drug company pays him to lecture at conferences to endorse their new hypertension drug. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason why the drug company chose this man?

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