1. You are provided with the unadjusted trial balance (Microsoft® Excel®) and your manager’s meeting notes and questions (Microsoft® Word) for your new tax client – Phoenix Medical.
2. Following the notes, modify the unadjusted trial balance to generate a trial balance workpaper (in Microsoft® Excel®) that includes:
a. Adjusting Journal Entries
b. Adjusted Book Income
c. Tax Journal Entries
d. Taxable Income
e. Answers to your manager’s questions (Microsoft® Word or Excel®).
3. The client depends on you, the CPA, to provide journal entries for activity in fixed assets. While discussing fixed assets, the client divulges that he got a great deal to upgrade his laser dermatology equipment. Ultimately, you find out that $569,888 of new equipment was purchased and placed in service on 6/18/2014.
4. Furthermore, and much after the fact, you discover that old medical equipment was sold to an unrelated party for $75,000 cash. The original cost of the equipment was $300,000 and it was fully depreciated (no Sec. 179). The cash was deposited in one of the shareholder’s personal accounts.
a. Provide a journal entry to calculate the gain on sale and adjust the fixed asset and accumulated depreciation accounts.
b. What is the nature of this gain?
c. Could the Dr. have structured this sale in a different way to avoid taxable income? How?
5. The client depends on his accountant to provide a journal entry for the annual depreciation expense. They have adopted a policy of treating book depreciation equal to tax depreciation. Depreciation expense for the year will include:
a. Depreciation on assets placed in service prior to 2014 is: $86,769
b. Maximize Sec. 179 expense on assets placed in service in 2014.
c. Take Sec. 168(k) – 50% Bonus – on new equipment if applicable.
Week 3 Determine Taxable Income:
1. Determine taxable income. Show all adjustments in the Microsoft® Excel® spreadsheet. Footnote references are provided to assist you.
2. The Dr. has filed his prior tax returns on the cash basis.
a. What questions will you ask to be sure he can continue to file on the cash basis?
3. You find that in 2014, the Dr. qualifies, and choose to file on the cash basis. His books are kept on the accrual basis. Determine the adjustments needed.
4. No federal taxes were paid in 2013, and no estimated taxes were paid in 2014.
5. Within the state tax expense, you find $4,389 is late payment penalties.
6. While analyzing the financial information, you find that hidden in “Accounts Payable” is $28,953 of accrued salaries. You also find that the salaries were paid in the first week of February.
a. Does this have an impact on taxable income?
7. Determine the accrual to cash adjustments for accounts receivable and accounts payable.
8. A charitable contribution carryforward of $40,000 is available.
9. Included in insurance expense is $12,523 of officers’ life insurance. You determine the company is the beneficiary, and each officer is a greater than 20% shareholder.