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CIS 210 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1&2 (Strayer) / Systems Analysis and Development

  • CIS 210 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1&2 (Strayer) / Systems Analysis and Development
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CIS 210 Week 11 Final Exam Part 1&2 (Strayer) / Systems Analysis and Development

CIS 210 Systems Analysis and Development Week 11 Final Exam Part 1 Answers

1. System software consists of programs that support day-to-day business functions and provide users with the information they require.
2. Structured analysis is a traditional systems development technique that uses a series of phases, called the ____, to plan, analyze, design, implement, and support an information system.
3. A common tool for showing the distribution of a questionnaire or sampling results is a vertical bar chart called a(n) ____.
4. Wireless capability allows all of the following EXCEPT ____
5. A survey is ____, generally takes less time, and can involve a broad cross-section of people.
6. Even if users have difficulty with a new system, it still will produce the expected benefits.
7. Whenever possible, a systems analyst should evaluate a proposed project based on tangible costs and benefits that represent actual (or approximate) dollar values
8. If only one person has the necessary IT skills and experience to evaluate systems requests, that person should consult closely with users and managers throughout the company to ensure that business and operational needs are considered carefully.
9. Problems with timetables and project milestones can indicate ____.
10. Knowledge of a company’s formal and informal structures helps a systems analyst determine the people to interview during the systems analysis phase.
11. In the early stages of systems analysis, interviews usually focus on specific topics, but as the fact-finding process continues, the interviews are more general.
12. In addition to describing each data element, data flow, data store, record, entity, and process, the data dictionary documents the relationships among these components.
13. In a data dictionary, some data elements have ____ rules, such as an employee’s salary must be within the range defined for the employee’s job classification.
14. Typical process description tools include all of the following EXCEPT ____.
15. The selection structure is the completion of ____.
16. ___ also is called looping
17. Class diagrams evolve into code modules, data objects, and other system components.
18. In a state transition diagram, the states appear as rounded rectangles with the state names inside.
19. Unlike a DFD, a class diagram is a logical model, which evolves into a physical model and finally becomes a functioning information system.
20. Use cases cannot interact with other use cases.
21. ____ provides vital protection and maintenance services for system software and hardware, including enterprise computing systems, networks, transaction processing systems, and corporate IT infrastructure.
22. When you construct a ____, you review the use case and identify the classes that participate in the underlying business transaction.
23. If you do not have previous experience to measure a project in a given environment, you could design a prototype or pilot system to gain technical and cost estimating experience.
24. In most systems analysis tasks, time and people are interchangeable.
25. Although a Gantt chart provides more detailed information about a project, a PERT/CPM chart offers a rapid overview that graphically displays the timing, duration,

 

CIS 210 Systems Analysis and Development Week 11 Final Exam Part 2 Answers

1. During business hours, a salesperson can enter a sale on a ____ terminal, which is part of an information system that handles daily sales transactions and maintains the online inventory file.
2. In a ____, one or more powerful servers controls the network, and departmental servers control lower levels of processing and network devices.
3. In the OSI (Open System Interconnection) model, the application layer ____.
4. In the OSI (Open System Interconnection) model, the presentation layer ____.
5. A popular network protocol is ____, which today is the backbone of the Internet.
6. In the OSI (Open System Interconnection) model, the session layer ____.
7. A system design where the server performs all the processing is described as ____.
8. Preventive maintenance ____.
9. ____ expenses vary significantly during a system’s operational life and include spending to support maintenance activities.
10. Perfective maintenance ____.
11. Adaptive maintenance ____.
12. A ____ is a formal reference point that measures system characteristics at a specific time.
13. ____ activities include changing programs, procedures, or documentation to ensure correct system performance; adapting the system to changing requirements; and making the system operate more efficiently.
14. __ involves studying the parts to understand the overall system
15. Web-based software usually requires additional layers, called ____, to communicate with existing software and legacy systems.
16. A firm that offers outsourcing solutions is called a ____ provider
17. A(n) ____ model is an outsourcing fee model that charges a variable fee based on the volume of transactions or operations performed by the application.
18. Some data files should be totally hidden from view, while others should have ____ so users can view, but not change, the data.
19. Companies that develop software for sale are called software ____.
20. Typically, companies choose in-house software development for all of the following reasons EXCEPT to ____.
21. Software ____ is a software development process that stresses solid design, effective structure, accurate documentation, and careful testing.
22. ____ is the process of reviewing the program code to spot logic errors, which produce incorrect results.
23. Integration testing is sometimes known as ____ testing.
24. A class diagram includes the class ____, which represent the program logic.
25. In a structure chart, a(n) ____ line, which has a diamond on one end, indicates that a control module determines which subordinate modules will be invoked.
26. In a technique called ____ testing, the programmer simulates each program outcome or result and displays a message to indicate whether or not the program executed
27. Good interface design is based partly on ____, which focuses on how an interface can be made attractive and easy to use.
28. Although the vast majority of reports are designed graphically, some systems still produce one or more ____ reports that use a character set with fixed spacing.
29. A key physical design element is the ____, which describes how users interact with a computer system.
30. Input ____ are templates that make it easier for users to enter data
31. Printed output is used in ____ documents, which are output documents that are later entered back into the same or another information system.
32. In a well-designed detail report, a field called a(n) ____ field controls the output.
33. A(n) ____ produces one or more lines of output for each record processed.
34. When a primary key combines two or more fields, it is called any of the following EXCEPT a ____ key.
35. In a file-oriented information system, a security file ____.
36. JDBC enables ____ applications to exchange data with any database that uses SQL statements and is compliant with the standard.
37. One problem in a file processing environment is ____, which means that data common to two or more information systems is stored in several places.
38. In a typical file processing environment, ____ problems can occur if updates are not applied in every file.
39. In a file-oriented information system, a master file ____.
40. A ____ is a text document written in HTML.

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