__is (are) the first line of defense against alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.

PSYC 324 Psychology of Addiction & Substance Abuse Week 8 Final Exam Answers


  1. ________ is (are) the first line of defense against alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
  2. While aspirin may be beneficial in reducing the incidence of ischemic (blood-flow-interrupting) stroke, it increases the risk of ________.
  3. If an individual lacks the serious intention to undergo change in the foreseeable future, that individual is in the ________ stage.
  4. Ironically, as a result of anabolic steroid use increasing testosterone levels, ________.
  5. Analogy: Phase 1 trials are to Phase 2 trials as ________.
  6. The mixture of barbiturates with alcohol produces ________.
  7. Numerous studies have shown that drug court programs are successful in providing effective rehabilitation by ________.
  8. Which of the following would put a teen at the highest risk to engage in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use?
  9. For charges of possessing equivalent amounts of crack cocaine and powder cocaine, ________.
  10. Analogy: Affective education is to negative education as ________.
  11. If you lived in a small town with a population of 3000, how many individuals in this population would be expected by chance alone to have schizophrenia?
  12. Optimally, pharmacological drug abuse treatment should be combined with ________.
  13. Chronic, heavy use of marijuana or PCP or fat-soluble injections of anabolic steroids all have a common feature in that they ________.
  14. The chances of a heart attack decrease after _____ of quitting smoking.
  15. Which of the following scenarios may result in a double penalty?
  16. When depression is at its most intense point, the individual is less likely to die by suicide because ________.
  17. In the chronic use of benzodiazepines, ________.
  18. According to the text, caffeine is a(n) _____ inhibitor.
  19. Joe is at a party with friends and he is asked if he would like a marijuana joint. Joe does not want to use drugs. Among the following possibilities, which one should Joe NOT do?
  20. Records of psychoactive drug use in athletic competitions date back to ________.
  21. According to the text, a largely ineffective approach used by some US states in trying to control one form of inhalant abuse has been _____ .
  22. The effects of caffeine on the brain begin at the level of the _________.
  23. The biomedical model takes into consideration _____ .
  24. Smoking one cigarette shortens one's lifespan by _______.
  25. According to the text, a study on anabolic steroid use and psychological problems found that ________.
  26. The drinking of caffeinated beverages by young people can result in deficient levels of ________ .
  27. In a study of people who smoked and were also in drug abuse treatment, one in three people indicated that _______.
  28. About one-half of all preventable deaths in the United States can be accounted for by the abuse of ________.
  29. Mandatory minimum sentencing laws have resulted in ________.
  30. Another name for sedative hypnotics is ________.
  31. A school teacher is trying to choose the best substance abuse prevention program for her class. The school principal gave her a list of different programs to choose from. Which of the following would be the best program the teacher could choose?
  32. A recent study suggests that when physicians tell smokers their "lung age" as determined by the age of an average healthy smoker with a comparable level of breathing strength, smokers _________.
  33. A smoker is given a placebo and he or she is told that it is nicotine gum when it is not. How will this affect his or her cigarette smoking behavior?
  34. Which of the following people would be referred to as a dual-diagnosis patient?
  35. Coffee consumption began to dominate over tea consumption in the early history of the United States largely because _________.
  36. Fumes from inhalants are essentially ________ drugs.
  37. Denial ________ anger as a stage in the family reaction to drug abuse.
  38. A significant problem with widespread drug testing in the workplace is the matter of ________.
  39. The research concerning the effectiveness of the LST prevention program indicates that ________.
  40. Deinstitutionalization has resulted in ________.
  41. Caffeine levels peak in the bloodstream in ___ hour(s), and reactions in the central nervous system peak in about ___ hour(s).
  42. The likelihood of a medical emergency increases dramatically when prescription and OTC drugs ________.
  43. A discussion about alternatives to drinking among high-school students already exposed to alcohol in some form would fit under the category of ________.
  44. Inpatient treatment should be considered ________.
  45. The University of Michigan researchers have found that ________.
  46. A double-blind study means ________.
  47. Dual-diagnosis patient frequently participate in the practice of ________.
  48. The effects of sleep aids can be dangerously enhanced if used in conjunction with ________.
  49. According to the supply and demand principle, a decrease in supply results in ________.
  50. A patient on antipsychotic medication has jerky, tic-like movements of the face and has been observed smacking her lips and flicking her tongue rapidly. It is likely that this patient is suffering from ________.