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PHI 208 PHI208 All Quizzes / Ethics & Moral Reasoning

  • PHI 208 PHI208 All Quizzes / Ethics & Moral Reasoning
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PHI 208 PHI208 All Quizzes / Ethics & Moral Reasoning

 

PHI 208 Week 1 Quiz Answers

1. According to Mill, utilitarian morality holds that:
2. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, which of the following would be an expression of rule utilitarianism, rather than act utilitarianism?
3. What moral theory does Jeremy Bentham (with whom Singer seems to agree) endorse?
4. According to John Stuart Mill, utilitarianism takes into account the happiness of:
5. Which of the following does Tom Regan say about the utilitarian approach to animal ethics?
6. Which of the following describes how egg-laying hens are treated in factory farms, according to the video “Meet Your Meat”?
7. Which of the following does not describe the ways that chickens and turkeys are treated on factory farms, according to the video “Meet Your Meat”
8. In what way does Peter Singer think that speciesism is similar to racism and sexism? 
9. What is speciesism according to Peter Singer’s account?
10. According to the video “Meet Your Meat”, which of the following is true of how animals are slaughtered on factory farms
11. What is a key feature of utilitarianism according to the assigned texts?
12. The video “Meet Your Meat” can best be described as primarily communicating which message?
13. What does Tom Regan say is the source of inherent value in an individual, whether human or animal?
14. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, utilitarianism is a form of what broader kind of ethical theory?
15. What is Tom Regan’s position about the use of animals in research and agriculture?
16. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, which of the following makes it difficult to calculate the utility of an act, raising a potential problem for utilitarianism?  
17. According to Tom Regan, what is fundamentally wrong with the treatment of animals in our current system?
18. How do we determine the difference between higher and lower pleasures, according to Mill?
19. Which of the following statements is the strongest evidence that the person saying it is a utilitarian?
20. Peter Singer’s “basic principle of equality” applied to animals means:

 

PHI 208 Week 2 Quiz Answers

1. According to Mill, utilitarian morality holds that:
2. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, which of the following would be an expression of rule utilitarianism, rather than act utilitarianism?
3. What moral theory does Jeremy Bentham (with whom Singer seems to agree) endorse?
4. According to John Stuart Mill, utilitarianism takes into account the happiness of:
5. Which of the following does Tom Regan say about the utilitarian approach to animal ethics?
6. Which of the following describes how egg-laying hens are treated in factory farms, according to the video “Meet Your Meat”?
7. Which of the following does not describe the ways that chickens and turkeys are treated on factory farms, according to the video “Meet Your Meat”
8. In what way does Peter Singer think that speciesism is similar to racism and sexism? 
9. What is speciesism according to Peter Singer’s account?
10. According to the video “Meet Your Meat”, which of the following is true of how animals are slaughtered on factory farms
11. What is a key feature of utilitarianism according to the assigned texts?
12. The video “Meet Your Meat” can best be described as primarily communicating which message?
13. What does Tom Regan say is the source of inherent value in an individual, whether human or animal?
14. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, utilitarianism is a form of what broader kind of ethical theory?
15. What is Tom Regan’s position about the use of animals in research and agriculture?
16. According to chapter 2 of Understanding Philosophy, which of the following makes it difficult to calculate the utility of an act, raising a potential problem for utilitarianism?  
17. According to Tom Regan, what is fundamentally wrong with the treatment of animals in our current system?
18. How do we determine the difference between higher and lower pleasures, according to Mill?
19. Which of the following statements is the strongest evidence that the person saying it is a utilitarian?
20. Peter Singer’s “basic principle of equality” applied to animals means:

PHI 208 Week 3 Quiz Answers

1. In Kant Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, the maxim of an act is:
2. Michael Walzer argues that there is a radical distinction between war and civil life because 
3. A deontological theory of morality regards moral actions as:
4. In the video “Drones Are Not Ethical and Effective,” Jeremy Waldron argues that one reason drones are not ethical because their use involves
5. In Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that “reason”:
6. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant explains that respect for a person is:
7. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals Kant claims that to act on ‘duty’ is
8. In the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant argues that when I find someone in need:
9. Kenneth Anderson argues that the fact that drones make the resort to force easier
10. In the video, “Drones Are Ethical and Effective,” Kenneth Anderson argues that the use of drones is ethical because
11. According to Kant’s ideas in the Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, what is one way in which I can determine whether my actions respect other persons as end-in-themselves?
12. According to Kant, the moral worth of an action:
13. In the video “What is Just War Theory?” Michael Walzer states that a core idea of Just War Theory
14. In “War and Massacre,” Thomas Nagel argues that all rules of engagement should be governed by the principle that
15. A false promise, according to Kant, is:
16. Which would be an example of acting from duty, according to Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals:
17. According to Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, which of these is not important to morality?
18. Michael Walzer argues that in the unique world of war, both morality and authority are
19. Which one of these is a way of expressing Kant’s Categorical Imperative?
20. Nagel’s argument in “War and Massacre” that hostility or aggression should be directed at its true object means that which of the following would probably not be permissible?

 

PHI 208 Week 4 Quiz Answers

1. In what way would Thomas Hill’s notion of “self-acceptance”, as described in “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments”, correspond to Aristotle’s conception of eudaimonia?
2. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson describes “magnanimity” as the mean between the extremes of:
3. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson agrees with Aquinas’ idea that
4. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson argues that integrity should be regarded as:
5. According to the scene from The Bridge on the River Kwai, what is the ultimate reason Colonel Nicholson (Alec Guinness) insists that the soldiers work hard to build the best bridge possible:
6. In The Emperor’s Club, what best describes the teacher’s (Kevin Kline) response to his student’s (Emile Hirsch) admission of cheating? 
7. According to Robinson’s article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues”, a person who has integrity is someone who:
8. According to Aristotle, happiness is:
9. In Aristotle’s view, how are the virtues acquired?
10. In “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” Thomas Hill claims that a fruitful way to think about the badness of destroying the environment is:
11. According to Aristotle, we should begin ethical inquiry by specifying:
12. Which of the following would be an idea shared both by the teacher (Kevin Kline) from the clip of The Emperor’s Club, and by Aristotle?
13. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson argues that honor can:
14. According to Thomas Hill’s account of environmental ethics, a person might show a lack of virtue when they:
15. Aristotle conceives of a virtue as:
16. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson describes magnanimity and integrity as both primarily concerned with what?
17. In his discussion of virtue and honor in the military, what does Robinson consider to be the relation between integrity and magnanimity?
18. According to “Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments,” Thomas Hill would claim that a failure to appreciate the aesthetic value of the environment
19. In the article “Magnanimity and Integrity as Military Virtues,” Robinson suggests that the more closely one associates with one’s identity with a certain group, the more one will
20. Aristotle describes each virtue as:

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