S06 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 7 Answers (Ashworth College)

S06 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 7 Answers (Ashworth College)

S06 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY EXAM 7 Answers (Ashworth College)

Question 1 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to the evolutionary approach to love, if Juanita is looking for a romantic partner, who is she most likely to choose?


A. Harry Handsome B. Kindly Ken C. Wealthy Wendell D. Nice Ned


Question 2 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following types of relationships is most likely to be an exchange relationship in which partners trade resources “in kind”?


A. A casual relationship B. A close friendship C. A family relationship

D. A romantic relationship


Question 3 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Mike has recently broken up with his girlfriend Maura. According to research conducted by Akert (1998), over the next few weeks, Mike is likely to experience


A. depression. B. guilt. C. elation. D. devastation.


Question 4 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

A meta-analysis (Montoya, Horton, & Kirchner, 2008) determined that _____ similarity predicted liking and attraction better than _____ similarity.


A. perceived; actual B. actual; demographic C. actual; perceived

D. genetic; perceived


Question 5 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Jessica has been treating Paul like a king. She pays for all of their dates, and does lots of special things for him. Paul has not been reciprocating this treatment. How is he likely to be feeling, according to equity theory?


A. Very pleased B. Uncomfortable and guilty

C. Committed D. Satisfied


Question 6 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Research conducted by Leskovec and Horvitz (2007) has found that, in an analysis of instant messaging interactions between 240 million people, the connection between 90 percent of pairs


A. could be connected in about 20 links/hops.

B. could not reliably be connected using the six degrees of separation theory.

C. were connected within 8 links/hops.

D. were operating only in localized (physically close) network conversations.


Question 7 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

When people are asked to rate the attractiveness of faces, the faces that they most prefer


A. have the fewest blemishes.

B. most resemble those of their current romantic partners.

C. most differ from their own.

D. most resemble their own.



Question 8 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Results of a study by Jankowiak and Fischer (1992) examining love across 166 cultures shows that cultures in ________ tend to have the greatest percentage of cultures with passionate love.


A. sub-Saharan Africa B. North America C. Eurasia

D. South and Central America


Question 9 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

Based on research presented in this chapter, whom is Benjamin going to sit closest to in the library? Benjamin is wearing glasses, a university sweatshirt, and is moderately attractive.


A. Hallie, a very attractive cheerleader dressed in her uniform

B. Wendy, a somewhat attractive sophomore wearing glasses (my 1st choice) but then hesitated and chose A.

C. Sienna, a somewhat unattractive art student wearing tie-dyed pants

D. Ava, a very attractive business major in a suit


Question 10 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to an evolutionary approach to love, why do women prefer men with resources, whereas men prefer women who are attractive?


A. Resources signal competence in men; attractiveness signals reproductive fitness in women.

B. Resources signal relationship commitment in men; attractiveness signals erotic passion in women.

C. Reproduction is more costly to men than to women.

D. Resources signal dominance in men; attractiveness signals willingness in women.



Question 11 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Advocates of which of the following approaches believe that men and women have different agendas in their relationships with each other?


A. Equity theory B. Social attachment theory

C. Social exchange theory D. Evolutionary psychology


Question 12 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

When Festinger and his colleagues studied friendship patterns among married couples in an apartment complex at MIT, they found that people who lived at the foot of the stairs or near mailboxes had more friends on upper floors than did other people who lived on the first floor. This illustrates the power of ________ to influence friendship patterns.


A. physical distance B. functional distance C. similarity D. movement patterns


Question 13 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following adages most directly contradicts research findings on the propinquity effect?


A. Familiarity breeds contempt.

B. You never get a second chance to make a good first impression.

C. Birds of a feather flock together.

D. Opposites attract.




Question 14 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Carla is involved in a romantic relationship with Jack. Her costs of the relationship are relatively low and her rewards are very high with this relationship. However, Carla has recently met Ted, and she believes that he could offer her a relationship with even higher rewards than Jack. According to social exchange theory, Carla is likely to


A. break up with Jack in favor of the relationship with Ted.

B. invest more in the relationship with Jack and try to forget about Ted.

C. break up with Jack, forget about Ted, and seek an even more favorable third partner.

D. try to maintain relationships with both Jack and Ted.


Question 15 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Often, toward the beginning of romantic relationships, we experience ________, whereas after the relationship has continued for a number of years, we experience ________.


A. fatuous love; commitment B. intimacy; romantic love

C. commitment; passionate love D. passionate love; companionate love


Question 16 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The findings of a recent field study (Misra et al., 2014) are cause for concern because in the presence of at least one mobile device,


A. there was less empathy and connectedness between people who were having conversations.

B. there was greater propinquity with people not in the restaurant at the time.

C. people rated others as more attractive than themselves.

D. women were pickier about their conversation partner.



Question 17 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Men and women both view physical attractiveness as the most desirable characteristic in potential


A. friends. B. sexual partners. C. coworkers. D. long-term relationship partners.


Question 18 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

Martha and Jan have been having trouble in their relationship for some time. One night when Martha is out, Jan reflects on their relationship and can’t help thinking about all the ways things have been going wrong. Their sex life, once passionate, is only so-so; they hardly talk anymore; and Martha no longer seems to like Jan’s friends. These late night ruminations best represent the ________ stage of relationship dissolution (Duck, 1982).


A. intrapersonal (my 1st choice then hesitated) B. dyadic C. dialectic D. interpersonal


Question 19 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

In their relationship, Mark is concerned with maintaining an equal ratio of rewards and costs, whereas Jenn is concerned with being responsive to Mark’s needs. Mark views the relationship as a(n) ________ relationship and Jenn views it as a(n) ________ relationship.


A. exchange; communal B. interlocked; loose C. communal; interdependent

D. dependent; interdependent


Question 20 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

People have a tendency to be attracted to others who are of the same level of physical attractiveness. Research by Taylor and colleagues (2011) found that this also applies to level of _______.


A. popularity B. height C. income D. athleticism

Note: was a bit confused on this one. Was hesitant with answer B then chose D.



Part 2 of 2 -

80.0/ 100.0 Points


Question 21 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Charles Darwin, an evolutionary theorist, found it difficult to explain altruism. From an evolutionary perspective, it would initially seem that over centuries and generations, altruistic behaviors would ________ because ________.


A. increase; more unfit offspring might survive

B. disappear; self-sacrifice would produce fewer offspring

C. disappear; only the fittest, most selfless offspring would survive

D. remain unchanged; the gene pool would become more variable


Question 22 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

While waiting for a bus, witnesses hear a man growing increasingly frantic as he cries, “My nitro tablets. Where are my nitro pills? I can’t find my nitro tablets, and I’m having a heart attack!” He collapses to the ground, clutching his chest. Everyone knows that it is a medical emergency. In this situation, who is most likely to help?


A. James, who has recently completed a CPR course

B. Anita, who hears a voice from the back of the crowd, “Let me through! I’m a doctor!” and follows the lead of this model

C. Gene, who has been sued before for leaving the scene of an accident

D. Arthur, who notices that blood is streaming down the man’s chin and onto his shirt


Question 23 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

________ theory would be most likely to mention such factors as social approval and increased self-worth as motivations for prosocial behavior.


A. Evolutionary B. Social exchange C. Norm activation D. Empathy-altruism (was hesitant but 1st choice was D.)


Question 24 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A principal theory in social psychology is social exchange theory. According to this theory, we will be most likely to help others


A. when the benefits outweigh the costs.

B. who are closely related to us.

C. who have already helped us.

D. for whom we feel empathy.


Question 25 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Given empirical support for the bystander effect (Latané & Darley, 1970), all things being equal, you would be more likely to get needed assistance were you to have a heart attack


A. at a large convention of ministers.

B. when having a conversation with one other person.

C. in a busy restaurant.

D. at a crowded shopping mall.


Question 26 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

When it comes to helping behavior,


A. men are more helpful than women. B. women are more helpful than men.

C. there is no difference between men and women.

D. either gender might be more helpful, depending on the help needed. (my 1st choice but then I came over finding the text regarding this and it stated in black in white answer B so went with it and it came out wrong.


Question 27 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

The groups of people who live among those who are ________ may be more likely to survive than those people who live among groups of people who are ________. This idea is referred to as ________.


A. selfless; selfish; altruism B. selfish; selfless; natural selection

C. selfless; selfish; group selection D. selfish; selfless; altruism debating on this one 1st


Question 28 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

“Put yourself in my position,” Janice whines. “Can’t you spare an hour to help me out?” Janice is attempting to evoke ________ when trying to persuade you to help her.


A. empathy B. the reciprocity norm C. kin selection D. social exchange pressures


Question 29 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A primary focus of the field of “positive psychology” is the study of


A. power and influence. B. certainty and overconfidence.

C. strengths and virtues. D. moods and physiological arousal.


Question 30 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

________ refers to the ability to experience events or emotions from another person’s perspective.


A. Empathy B. Identification C. Altruism D. Transference



Question 31 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to a research study presented in the text, participants played a trivia game against four other students. Participants were allowed to help the other players, even though it could cause them to lose the game. Under what conditions were participants more likely to help other players? When they


A. were new to the group. B. had been in the group longer.

C. had a clear lead in the game. D. were the only female.


Question 32 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Receiving help can lower a person’s self-esteem when the


A. helper’s demonstration of superior skill leads the recipient to feel incompetent.

B. recipient is worried about repaying the favor in the future.

C. helper is of a different gender than the recipient.

D. helper is supportive and concerned.


Question 33 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Raphael volunteers as a Big Brother. He donates money to charity, and he helps his elderly next-door neighbor with weekly shopping and home repairs. Raphael’s personality is


A. altruistic. B. egoistic. C. controlling. D. prosocial.


Question 34 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

When community service work is required by a school or business, there is the downside risk that people will infer that they are volunteering only because it is required and will be less likely to freely volunteer in the future. This risk is known as the


A. self-fulfilling prophecy. B. spotlight effect. C. overjustification effect.


Question 35 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

________ refers to the desire to help another person, even if such help involves cost to the helper.


A. Prosocial behavior B. Altruism C. Empathy D. Reciprocity


Question 36 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Although evidence from studies presented in the chapter suggests that people are more likely to help family than strangers or friends in some situations, they also note that people are equally likely to help a friend or family member under which of the following circumstances?


A. A life-threatening emergency B. A life-threatening nonemergency

C. Any life-threatening situation D. A non-life-threatening situation


Question 37 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A number of studies have revealed that doing well on a test, receiving a gift, and listening to pleasant music can increase helping. These consistent findings across investigations suggest that there is a ________ relation between ________ and helping.


A. negative; self-attention B. positive; rewards C. negative; positive mood

D. positive; positive mood








Question 38 of 40

0.0/ 5.0 Points

Researchers tested the hypothesis that rates of helping strangers would be higher in countries that valued simpatía. They staged helping incidents in twenty-three large cities and observed whether or not people helped. These researchers found


A. helping was dramatically higher in those countries that valued simpatía.

B. helping tended to be higher in those countries that valued simpatía, but was also high in some countries where this was not a value.

C. no difference in this study, because the helping examined was of
strangers rather than of in-group members.

D. no differences in this study, because they examined helping in an urban
rather than in a rural setting.


Question 39 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Allen volunteers to visit the homes of AIDS patients because those visits help him forget about his own problems. This is an example of ________ behavior.


A. altruistic B. self-sacrificing C. prosocial D. reciprocal


Question 40 of 40

5.0/ 5.0 Points

At Cornell and Vassar, students intervened in emergencies. In both cases, they


A. had learned about the barriers to helping in class.

B. had plenty of extrinsic motivation for helping in the form of cash rewards.

C. regretted getting involved.

D. were not willing to help until someone else began helping.