Strayer SOC 100 Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 1&2 Answers
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SOC 100 Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 1
1. The bonds that unite the members of a social group is referred to as
2. Formal organizations characterized by written rules, hierarchical authority, and a paid staff, intended to promote organizational efficiency, are referred to as:
3. Patterned social arrangements that have an enabling or constraining effect on agency are referred to as:
4. _____ is considered the first female sociologist and argued that injustices such as slavery and women’s inequality stunted a society’s moral development.
5. _____ established the first rules for conducting sociological research and examined the impact of modern society on social solidarity.
6. Competition between social classes over the distribution of wealth, power, and other valued resources in society is referred to as:
7. Accepted social behaviors and beliefs are referred to as:
8. The ability to evaluate claims about truth by using reason and evidence is referred to as:
9. According to Marx, the key difference between the working class and the capitalist class was:
10. Specific techniques for systematically gathering data are referred to as
11. A researcher finds that as income increases, square footage of respondent’s home also increases. This is an example of:
12. The idea that concepts and measurement accurately represent what they claim to represent is referred to as:
13. A _____ relationship is one in which one variable is the cause of another variable
14. The degree to which two or more variables are associated with one another is referred to as:
15. A researcher finds that as years spent driving increases, the number of accidents decreases. This is an example of:
16. The term used to summarize a set of phenomena is
17. A variable is defined as:
18. The physical objects created, embraced, or consumed by society that help shape peoples’ lives are referred to as:
19. Powerful mores, the violation of which is considered serious and even unthinkable, are referred to as:
20. The abstract creations of human cultures, including ideas about behavior and living, are referred to as:
21. The desire of imperialistic nations to see their power, influence, and profits grow throughout the world is known as:
22. Particular ideas that people accept as true are referred to as:
23. Common rules of a culture that govern the behavior of people belonging to it are referred to as:
24. Cultural representations of social realities are referred to as:
25. The ability of a local culture to absorb outside influences that fit in and enrich their culture while resisting those that are alien is known as:
SOC 100 Week 5 Midterm Exam Part 2
1. Psychoanalysis, the psychological perspective that emphasizes the complex reasoning processes of the conscious and unconscious mind, is associated with which major theorist?
2. Which of the following would be considered a violation of “normal” social interaction in the United States?
3. What is the sociological definition of significant others?
4. Adopting the behavior or standards of a group you emulate or hope to join is referred to as:
5. How would sociologists define social learning?
6. The unspoken classroom socialization to the norms, values, and roles of a culture that school provides is referred to as:
7. The ability of groups to exclude outsiders participating in the group or enjoying group resources is referred to as:
8. The simplest group, consisting of two persons, is referred to as:
9. Power that depends on the ability to persuade rather than command is referred to as:
10. Which of the following examples illustrates groupthink?
11. A group consisting of three people is referred to as:
12. Groups characterized by intense emotional ties, intimacy, and identification with membership in the group are referred to as:
13. Theories that identify the conflicting interests of certain segments of the population are referred to as:
14. The act of having multiple wives is referred to as:
15. The idea that what is labeled deviant or criminal—and therefore who gets punished—is determined by the interests of the dominant class is referred to as:
16. The theory that people differ not only in their motivation to engage in deviant acts but also in their opportunity to do so is referred to as:
17. According to Émile Durkheim, what condition occurs when people lose sight of the shared rules and values that give order and meaning to their lives?
18. A crime considered so heinous that it is punishable by death is referred to as:
19. The systematic ranking of different groups of people in a hierarchy of inequality is referred to as:
20. A disparity in income, wealth, power, prestige, and other resources is referred to as:
21. The ability to exercise influence on political institutions and/or actors to realize personal or group interests is referred to as:
22. _____ refer to people who share a common characteristic without necessarily interacting or identifying with one another.
23. The value of everything a person owns minus the value of everything he or she owes is referred to as:
24. Which of the following is the best sociological definition of income?
25. According to Karl Marx, the _____ own the means of production, which they use to exploit the labor of the _____.