(TCO 1) The word religion literally means:

RELI 448 Comparative Religions Week 8 Final Exam Answers


  1. (TCO 1) The word religion literally means:
  • (TCO 1) Belief in one God is called:
  • (TCO 2) Who was the German theologian who argued in The Idea of the Holy that religions emerge when people experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious?
  • (TCO 4) The French thinker who developed the approach of structuralism when he first recognized extraordinary structural similarities in stories told by tribal peoples of the Americas was:
  • (TCO 4) Name the American psychologist who viewed religion as positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals.
  • (TCO 8) Vedic religion was:
  • (TCO 8) The power of a god is often symbolized by:
  • (TCO 9) Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads,
  • (TCO 10) Both Jainism and Sikhism:
  • (TCO 8) The Buddha's name comes from a Sanscrit word meaning:
  • (TCO 8) Buddha was silent on questions about:
  • (TCO 8) By his teachings, Confucius hoped to:
  • (TCO 8) Confucius taught that people are:
  • (TCO 9) Which is not a Daoist value?
  • (TCO 9) Daoists view death as:
  • (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world religions are minor religions except:
  • (TCO 11) Taoism does not have this element of a major world religion.
  • (TCO 6) Someone inspired by God to speak for him was called a:
  • (TCO 6) The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is called the:
  • (TCO 6) The Jewish Day of Atonement is:
  • (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in:
  • (TCO 7) Letters written in the New Testament to instruct, encourage, and solve problems are called:
  • (TCO 6) Muhammad's job before he became a prophet was as a:
  • (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is known as:
  • (TCO 12) Established groups of Wiccans are called:

(TCO 4) Compare and contrast Carl Gustav Jung's theory about the origin of religions with William James's theory. How do each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Next, analyze how the insights of Jung or James might illuminate your religious tradition or the tradition with which you are the most familiar. How would Jung or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual).

(TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular, the Noble Eightfold Path. What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism essentially keep? Describe them. Include enough details to support your answer.

(TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Paley's Teleological Argument for the Existence of God: In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer that for anything I knew to the contrary it had lain there forever; nor would it, perhaps, be very easy to show the absurdity of this answer. But suppose I had found a watch upon the ground, and it should be inquired how the watch happened to be in that place, I should hardly think of the answer which I had before given, that for anything I knew the watch might have always been there. Yet why should not this answer serve for the watch as well as for the stone? Why is it not as admissible in the second case as in the first? For this reason, and for no other, namely, that when we come to inspect the watch, we perceive--what we could not discover in the stone--that its several parts are framed and put together for a purpose, e.g., that they are so formed and adjusted as to produce motion, and that motion so regulated as to point out the hour of the day; that if the different parts had been differently shaped from what they are, of a different size from what they are, or placed after any other manner or in any other order than that in which they are placed, either no motion at all would have been carried on in the machine, or none which would have answered the use that is now served by it.

(TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns in indigeneous religions. Use examples from traditional Hawaiian religion to support your answer.